Tuesday, April 25, 2017

ENGL 3663: Participles and Gerunds


Participles and Gerunds

Like infinitives, both participles and gerunds are nonfinite phrases. And, like infinitives, they are words that derive from – come from – verbs, and yet do not function as verbs.

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ENGL 3663 Nonfinite Phrases


Nonfinite Phrases:
Infinitive
Participial
Gerund

That-Clauses

That-Clauses

That-clauses are dependent clauses introduced (usually) by the word that which function as nouns.

        Polly knew that her truck was almost out of gas.
        That the storm was coming worried us all.
        I love the theory that meteors brought life to earth.
        Elvis was surprised that no one brought pie.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

ENGL 3663: Relative Clauses


Relative Clauses

We’ve also already talked about these clauses, which are have dependent clauses that are introduced by relative pronouns or relative adverbs.

Relative pronouns, you’ll remember, include the words who, whom, whose, which, that. Relative adverbs are words like when, where, why.

Friday, April 14, 2017

ENGL 3663: Subordinate Clauses


Subordinate clauses

Subordinate clauses, which we have already talked briefly about, are clauses which are subordinated to the main clause of the sentences, and which are introduced by subordinating conjunctions – words like if, after, although, so that, when, unless, and so on. (See page 145 in your text for a refresher.)

Like all dependent clauses, subordinated clauses have both a subject and a finite verb, but their meaning is incomplete.

                Unless Dave wins the lottery.

                Since we were toddlers.

Thursday, April 13, 2017

ENGL 3663: Finite Clauses


Finite Clauses

So far we have been dealing, mostly, with simple sentences, as opposed to complex or compound sentences.

A simple sentence is defined as a sentence containing just one independent clause.