Tuesday, March 14, 2017

ENGL 3663: The Five Basic Sentence Types


ENGL 3663: English Grammar: The Five Basic Sentence Types

Type I: Subject (NP1) + Main Verb Phrase (Intransitive)
Type II: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Be-verb) + Adverb Phrase (of time/place)
Type III: Subject (NP1)  + MVP (Linking Verb) + Adjective Phrase
Type IV: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Linking Verb) + Nominal Subject Complement (NP1)
Type V: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Transitive verb) + Direct Object (NP2)

Type I: Subject (NP1) + Main Verb Phrase (Intransitive)

                        Polly laughs.
                        The kitten is sleeping.

Type II: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Be-verb) + Adverb Phrase (of time/place)

                        The bear was in the stream.
                        My turn is next.

Type III: Subject (NP1)  + MVP (Linking Verb) + Adjective Phrase

                        That pie is wonderful.
                        Sarah is sad.

Type IV: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Linking Verb) + Nominal Subject Complement (NP1)

                        Ivy was a graduate student.
                        Everyone is becoming an expert.

Type V: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Transitive verb) + Direct Object (NP2)

                        Fred shot a zombie.
                        Ivy loves pie.



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