Tuesday, March 28, 2017

ENGL 3663: Study Sheet Test Two


ENGL 3663 UA – Fort Smith                                                            Spring 2017 / Jennings
Study Sheet for Test 2 (Through Page 294)
Test 2 will be held on TUESDAY APRIL 11

I.  Identifying: Be able to identify words by form or class, and to identify the function of all these words when you see them in an English sentence.

ENGL 3663: Basic Sentence Transformation:


Basic Sentence Transformation: 
  • Indirect objects
  • Passive constructions 
  • Negative constructions 
  • interrogative constructions 
  • imperatives


When we combine the simple sentence types we’ve already looked at – sentence type I, II, III, IV, and V – into more complex sentence, we do this through a process that grammarians call “sentence transformation.”

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Jokes for Grammar Nerds!



Here from Buzzfeed, 25 Jokes for all of us who love grammar:

25 Jokes Only Grammar Nerds Will Love

All y'all will love #22!

ENGL 3663: The Five Basic Sentence Types


ENGL 3663: English Grammar: The Five Basic Sentence Types

Type I: Subject (NP1) + Main Verb Phrase (Intransitive)
Type II: Subject (NP1) + MVP (Be-verb) + Adverb Phrase (of time/place)

ENGL 3663: Sentence Types

Sentence Types

In order to analyze sentences, we will look first at the five basic types of English sentences – the prototypical English sentences.

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

ENGL 3663: Phrases


Phrases

To begin with, all English sentences – indeed, all sentences in all human languages, so far as we have encountered them – divide into subject and predicate.

That is to say, all English sentences tell us about a topic (a person, a thing, an idea, whatever), and then tell us something about that topic.

As a speaker of English, you already know about this division, and you’ll probably find you can divide sentences into subjects and predicates quite easily. Where would you put the division in these sentences, for instance?

Thursday, March 2, 2017

ENGL 3663: Relatives


Relative Pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs

Although relative pronouns are a kind of pronoun, and relative adverbs a kind of adverb, like the conjunctive adverb they also serve a dual function as a sort of conjunctive.

ENGL 3663: Conjunctions

Conjunctions

Conjunctions connect grammatical structures. We have two – or really 2.5 – types of conjunctions. (2.5 because the conjunctive adverb is a kind of half-and-half case: half conjunction, half adverb.)

Kinds of conjunctions:

·        Coordinating
·        Subordinating
·        Conjunctive adverb

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

ENGL 3663: Verb Particles



Verb Particles (AKA phrasal verbs, verb-adverb combinations)



In modern standard English we have an interesting construction whereby a preposition combines with a verb to form a new verb.

                Verb + preposition = new verb

ENGL 3663: Prepositional Phrases


Structure Class Words: Part II

So far in looking at structure class words, we have looked at
·        Determiners
·        Auxiliaries
·        Qualifiers